We have the Holy Spirit not only as a Teacher, but as a Comforter. It is said of Achilles that he was Styge armatus, and therefore could not be wounded. October 16, 2020. 3. Isaiah hath his Trisagion, or, "Holy, holy, holy," Isaiah 6:3 In Isaiah 42:5 "Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens, and they that stretched them out." So the Psalmist says, "There" (at the dividing of the Red Sea and the Jordan) "do we rejoice in Him," as if present there; and our Lord promises to the Apostles, Matthew 28:20. 2. Is not the patience of the Spirit wonderful? We may, then, on this festival of the Holy Spirit, acknowledge our thankfulness and encourage ourselves, "Undoubtedly fear gripped many of the returnees-fear that God had written an eternal "Ichabod" over Jerusalem, fear that no amount of praying or piety would induce him to bless them again, fear that the whole endeavor was in vain, fear that the political enemies would in fact win, fear that all was lost. According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not. As Jehovah Himself lives ever, so His Spirit shall follow us ever through all the changing scenes of time. Here we learn that the prophecy began in September, 520 B.C.i. Where He is, is all good. He will yet bless the true Israel (the spiritual seed of Abraham), making them a blessing to all the earth. 2. But the promise and evidence of the Spirit’s remaining among them is an antidote to this” fear. So my spirit.—Better, and my spirit. International Bible Lesson Commentary . An EasyEnglish Translation and Commentary (1200 word vocabulary) on the Book of Haggai. The fears occasioned by the falling away of professed friends. Vs. 2- Haggai's message was directed to the civic leaders, religious leaders and the people themselves. 9. Yet God’s Spirit is still waiting. Listen Haggai 2:5-9 by Dr. J. Vernon McGee on Thru the Bible show on ChristianRadio.com! (g) "cum verbo quo pepigeram", Junius & Tremellius; "cum verbo illo quo pepigi", Varenius; approved of by Reinbeck, Append. The more exact idiom would have been "Remember," "take to heart." . 8. and in his Die Proph. Haggai 2:5. 2. my Spirit remaineth among you — to strengthen you for the work (Haggai 1:14; Zechariah 4:6). In a similar way the people of God have been tried in all ages. The Lord showed great favour to His Church during the Old Testament Dispensation, in the frequency with which He revealed to her His mind and will, and in His special appearances for her preservation and deliverance. He speaks to them as being one with those who came up out of Egypt, as if they were the very persons. . One evidence of this is--, 1. Basic Questions, Advanced Questions, Question formats A. Identifying the Problem (Haggai 1:1-11) B. Three words answering the three persons; and the middle word, "our God," deciphering fitly the second, who assumed our nature, as is well observed by Galatinus. II. Haggai 2:9 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament Jehovah can fill this house with glory, because the silver and gold which the heathen nations possess belong to Him. See Romans 8:9; Romans 8:11. By shaking all kingdoms He can induce the nations to present their treasures to … p. 76, 77. True, there had been a gross misunderstanding on secular Israel's part about what God's blessing meant, most of them interpreting it to mean that God would help them subdue all earthly enemies and incorporate the defeated nations into Israel's "godless state" or "kingdom," which was a concept foreign to God altogether. (E. A. Stuart, M. 6 For thus says the Lord of hosts: Yet once more, in a little while, I will shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land. 5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not. 3. Mid blended shouts of joy and grief were laid the stones Whereon the exile’s hopes were based. Christ, then, was a Saviour to those of the Old Testament also, "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world," Revelation 13:8. Those whom God receiveth into the covenant of grace he endues them with the spirit of grace. Some, more especially the older men of the nation, remembering the magnificence of the temple of Solomon, and contrasting with it the meanness of the present temple, were continually discouraging the builders; so the Lord sent His prophets again the second time to say,--“My Spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.” So we are often tempted to give up in despair, because our efforts seem so puny and so weak; hut God’s message comes to us to-day with this encouragement, “My Spirit remaineth among you.”. They felt the pressure of the Divine Presence in the question of the origin of the ministry: they adopted a consistent Agnostic position, and withheld their confession both of the ministry and of Christ. Having these, let them not be afraid. This work by an expert in exegesis, history, and critical study is a translation from the German Biblischer Kommentar series. At that time the prophetical, priestly, and kingly offices were all filled by eminent men. The covenant promise of God to the elect people at Sinai is an additional motive for their persevering. We have not, we fear, improved our privileges aright, nor rendered unto the Lord according to the benefits we have received; and in judgment the Lord has recalled His gifts. Greater glory promised to the second temple than to the first. Haggai 2 Commentary - Adam Clarke Commentary Chapter Contents. As Paul says of the Church of Christ 1 Corinthians 12:4, 1 Corinthians 12:6, 1 Corinthians 12:11, “There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God, who worketh all in all. Haggai, and other prophets and patriarchs of old, did well understand the mystery of the sacred Trinity. 3. 7 And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. The evidence of the Divine Presence was the mission of inspired prophets, such as Haggai and Zechariah, and the Targum and the Rabbis are perhaps right in referring the words “and my spirit” exclusively to the “spirit of prophecy.” It may be noticed that the later Jews held that the Holy Spirit left the Church after the deaths of Zechariah and Malachi. A man may let a prisoner loose now upon a promise to pay the debt a year after. In the second year of King Darius: The prophecy of Haggai gives us several specific chronological marking points (Haggai 1:1, 1:15, 2:1, 2:10, 2:20). The Hebrew prophet Haggai wrote about B.C. so My Spirit, &c.: i.e. According to the word that — literally, “(I am with you) the word (or thing) which I covenanted”; that is, I am with you as I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt (Exodus 19:5, Exodus 19:6; Exodus 34:10, Exodus 34:11). Hence Levi is said to pay tithes in Abraham, Hebrews 7:9, and Adam’s sin is imputed to us all. 3. So my spirit remaineth among you] Not the substance, but the gifts of the Spirit; not the tree, but the fruits. Zech. In them Christ assures His ancient people that He was now graciously present with them by His Spirit, and exhorts them not to be afraid. Locate the passage This is Haggai’s third message. References: Haggai 2:5-9. The indispensability of the blessing here spoken of. According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not. (20-23) Commentary on Haggai 2:1-9 (Read Haggai 2:1-9) Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. (10-19) The kingdom of Christ foretold. When ye came out of Egypt; when I brought you out of Egypt, the house of bondage. Haggai 2:5 [According to] the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not. My Spirit abideth among you, - as the Psalmist says Psalm 102:27, "they (the heavens) perish and Thou abidest" Psalm 33:11, "The counsel of the Lord standeth forever" Psalm 111:3, "His righteousness endureth forever." It would quite agree with this to take 'ēth as the accusative of the norm, and also to connect it as a preposition, if this could only be shown to be in accordance with the rules of the language. The Spirit of God is God the Holy Spirit, with His manifold gifts. Only he, not very intelligibly, makes it a sort of oath, By the word, By that which the Lord hath given us. Ewald, 204-206), it is impossible to find any example of such an accusative of norm as is here assumed, especially with 'ēth preceding it. But while we wish to lay to heart the Lord’s dealings, and justly fear that His servants are taken away from the evil to come, we ought not to give way to desponding fears as to the Lord’s cause and work. In prosecuting the work and cause of God His people are often called by Him in His providence to make many sacrifices of their own ease and comfort, and of their worldly substance; they have also to bear much reproach and scorn for the truth’s sake, not only from the world, but from those who bear the Christian name. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. Sticking with it when there are many valid reasons to quit is not so easy. But they may be read more forcibly in connection with the preceding verses without the supplement, thus, “For I am with you, saith the Lord of hosts, I, the Word that covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so My Spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.” These words may be regarded as the language of God in the Person of the Son or of Christ. THE PROBLEM OF SIZE - Vss. See Haggai, Haggai 1:6; Haggai 1:11; Haggai 2:16; Haggai 2:19. The ancient covenant that God made with Abraham, promising to bless "all the people of the earth" through his "seed" (singular, which is Christ), will yet be honored by the Father. But they are gone! There are those who feel that unless they are found working for Christ they cannot reasonably hope that they have been saved by Christ. when ye came, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 12:51). Haggai was a post-exile returnee to the land of Israel whose main ministry was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to let them know that God was with them and would help them. The fulfillment of that promise would yet come, but not in the way fleshly Israel imagined. Do not fear.’ 6 “This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘In a little while I will once more shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land. Haggai rebuked his listeners in chapter 1. The gift which the text promises I should desire most for the welfare of this, or any other church. "There must have been those who were theologically naive and doubted that God could be with them if the temple and the ark in particular were not intact. There is no single believer who is not himself the possessor of the Holy Spirit’s influence. The Biblical Illustrator. The words which I covenanted - The words stand more forcibly, because abruptly. Translators could also find the translated Bible text useful, as the writer translated from the Hebrew text. III. The righteous may be bold as a lion; he hath the peace of God within him and the power of God without him, and so goes ever under a double guard; what need he fear? The message of the prophet Haggai conveyed indeed the essential assurance of the Divine Presence, ‘My spirit is amongst you,’ but it was also an earnest exhortation to work: ‘Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel! The governor was Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, and the high priest was Joshua, the son of Josedech. When ye came out of Egypt] Ye, that is, your ancestors. Haggai 1:9-15. And so it is a gracious promise that the whole Trinity will be with them. The clergy are not the Church, but the laity and clergy, the whole body of the faithful together. We have a more full and copious display of the Spirit’s power in the Church of Christ now than there was in those olden times. "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one." At the return of the Jews to their own land at the termination of the seventy years’ captivity the Lord was very gracious to His Church, against which He had had indignation so long. The inspiration of Haggai and Zechariah at this time was a specimen of the presence of God‘s Spirit remaining still with His people, as He had been with Moses and Israel of old (Ezra 5:1; Isaiah 63:11). I. Haggai 2:9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. Haggai 2:5-9. The patience of the Spirit. It is the duty of the Church thus favoured so to receive that Word as to embrace the whole system of revealed truth. if his Spirit remain in us, Jeremiah 31:33, working illumination, 1 Corinthians 2:14-15, mortification, Romans 8:13, motion, Romans 8:14, gifts, 1 Corinthians 12:4; 1 Corinthians 12:7-8, &c., fruits, Galatians 5:22-23, strength, Isaiah 11:2, courage, as here. As David had encouraged Solomon to build the first temple with the promise that God would be with him ( 1 Chronicles 28:20), so Haggai encouraged Zerubbabel and Joshua to build the second temple with the same promise. The conduct of God towards His Church in ancient time is an ennobling and a comforting study: ennobling because it brings His character before our view in a light in which we cannot see it in the fields of nature and in the works of creation; comforting because it brings to our view God in all those glorious relations which nature has no know ledge of. More Episodes. That kind of a kingdom was their idea, not God's; and, as a consequence, they arrogantly forsook their true religion, rebelled against God, forsook his holy law, and became as reprobate as the heathen; whereupon God destroyed their beloved worldly kingdoms which the people had come to idolize. “So My Spirit remaineth among you.”. speaking by the prophets. The chronicler, he feels, added interpolations at 2:5, 9, 14, 17-19, 21-22. The same warning is implied in other words of our Lord regarding His own ministry. Christ undertook to pay his people’s debt in the fulness of time; and hereby they were saved. Bible Study Software. 7), “That which the Lord hath given us and hath preserved us and given the company against us into our hands!” i. e., “Would you deal thus with it?” The abrupt form rejects it as shocking. 8. and in his Die Proph. Among those who acted so basely the most conspicuous were Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite. on StudyLight.org He deadens us to the things of the world, and quickens us to all Divine realities. That I covenanted with you] Or, in whom I covenanted, and whence Christ is called the angel of the covenant, Malachi 3:1. Haggai 2:5-9 KJV According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not. 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