Stauffenberg's mother was Caroline Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, née Gräfin von Üxküll-Gyllenband, the daughter of Alfred Richard August Graf von Üxküll-Gyllenband and Valerie Gräfin von During interrogation on 2 September 1944, Kuhn claimed that Stauffenberg had told him in August 1942 that "They are shooting Jews in masses. Tresckow began to recruit allies, eventually including Lieutenant Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, scion of one of the oldest and most respected families in southern Germany. Since the couple never had any serious marriage problems, it is believed Claus only wanted to provoke his mother-in-law to-be, just as he liked to provoke his superiors. After his exit, the briefcase was moved by Colonel Heinz Brandt. He and his wife had three sons and two daughters: Berthold (named after Claus' brother), Heimeran, Franz-Ludwig, Valerie and Konstanze. Following the plot's failure, she was arrested and imprisoned, during which time she delivered her youngest child. Claus von Stauffenberg - bohater czy kontrowersyjna postać? [45], In an attempt to save his own life, co-conspirator General Friedrich Fromm, Commander-in-Chief of the Replacement Army present in the Bendlerblock (Headquarters of the Army), charged other conspirators in an impromptu court martial and condemned the ringleaders of the conspiracy to death. AKA Claus Philip von Stauffenberg. He was a "Graf" i.e. [18] On top of this, the growing systematic ill-treatment of Jews and suppression of religion had offended Stauffenberg's strong sense of Catholic morality and justice. Hours after his flight back to Berlin von Stauffenberg was arrested, as were many of the other conspirators. Gisevius disliked Stauffenberg. [7][8][9][10], Like his brothers, he was carefully educated and inclined toward literature, but eventually took up a military career. Stauffenberg entered the briefing room carrying a briefcase containing two small bombs. [41], Stauffenberg was aware that, under German law, he was committing high treason. [17], Moreover, Stauffenberg remained a practicing Catholic. [35], After several unsuccessful attempts by Stauffenberg to encounter Hitler, Göring and Himmler at the same time, he went ahead with the attempt at Wolfsschanze on 20 July 1944. ... Stauffenberg must have been informed of Gisevius's background and it cannot have inspired his confidence. In the fall of 1943, however, he was back at work (now in Berlin) despite both his doctors' and his family's objections. Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg and his wife Nina leave the St. Jakob Church in Bamberg after the ceremony. As a result, Stauffenberg was able to arm only one of the bombs. Beside Stieff, he was the only conspirator who had regular access to Hitler (during his briefings) by mid-1944, as well as being the only officer among the conspirators thought to have the resolve and persuasiveness to convince German military leaders to throw in with the coup once Hitler was dead. It is believed that this actually happened because of disciplinary reasons. She was born in prison, wher Author Konstanze von Schulthess presents her book about the life of her mother Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg titled 'Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg' in Berlin, Germany, 22 April 2008. Stauffenberg, his aide 1st Lieutenant Werner von Haeften, General Friedrich Olbricht, and Colonel Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim were executed before 1:00 in the morning (21 July 1944) by a makeshift firing squad in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, which was lit by the headlights of a truck. Claus von Stauffenberg Athough German and a member of the military, Claus von Stauffenberg never joined the Nazi party. Stauffenberg lost his left eye, his right hand, and two fingers on his left hand. Noble titles form part of the name only; noble titles may not be granted any more. Four people died in … However, the Stauffenberg brothers (Berthold and Claus) maintained contact with anti-regime figures such as the Kreisau Circle and former commanders like Hoepner. These demands included Germany retaining its 1914 eastern borders, including the Polish territories of Wielkopolska and Poznań. The overwhelming support, toleration, or silent acquiescence" from the people of his country for Hitler, which was also being heavily censored and constantly fed propaganda,[57][58] meant any action must be swift and successful. He was one of the foremost figures in the failed 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler and overthrow the Nazi Party. Had a twin brother, Konrad Maria, who died when he was just one day old. Who resisted the Third Reich and why did they do it? He left the room to arm the first bomb with specially adapted pliers. Stauffenberg did not engage in any coup plotting at this time. Stauffenberg, like most other German professional military officers, had absolutely no doubt that the war was lost. On 1 August 1944, for his role in the Plot’s collapse, Fliessbach was promoted to colonel. With the missing fingers, he had trouble activating the time bomb he hoped to kill Hitler with. Oct 20, 2018 - Explore Pat Oldcrofty TommysGirl's board "Claus Von Staueffenberg" on Pinterest. [60], In 1980, the German government established a memorial for the failed anti-Nazi resistance movement in a part of the Bendlerblock, the remainder of which currently houses the Berlin offices of the German Ministry of Defense (whose main offices remain in Bonn). 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